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Commemorating People 1 - Great Canadian Ceramics - 1820-1920 - 4

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Great Canadian Heritage Trash Sure... Commemorative ware - which celebrates people, places, and events, is vastly superior, as a collectible, to merely "decorator" ceramic ware, for a whole lot of reasons.

Troube is, it also demands far more of a collector: to be intellectually curious, and be more interested in others, than yourself, and not be content merely to sate your personal appetites with pretty distractions.

Which is asking a lot for most people who are often merely interested in the "pretty," which is "oh, so less demanding." So commemoratives may not be for you...

The case is clearly laid out in Gallée or Gordon?, which shows why informed sophisticates passionately opt for the Gordon Jug, instead of the Gallée Lamp.

A Gallée lamp, at most, inspired someone to have a snooze in a brothel, or a puff in an opium den.

Whereas the General Gordon jug commemorates an event that "rocked" a generation, enraged and enervated millions to patriotic fervour, and was actually handled at the time by the very people who felt and expressed the passion of a nation united in a giant communal event of historic proportions.

The papers were full of it, for days, months, years. People spoke of it everywhere, at home, at work, in pubs, on the street. Hell, it was nothing less than a conflict between civilizations...

This very jug overheard spirited arguments; it literally oozes history and the passion of people, now long gone... Hundreds laid their lives on the line. Many died.

Which is what empowers commemorative ware that features the people - like Gordon - who were the historical touch points for a national Canadian experience. (Yes, hundreds of Canadian boatmen were recruited, to row the British Army up the Nile.)

As the average person looks at his or her daily life they see nothing of great moment happening. Boring...

Commemorative ware, like nothing else, allows them to become part of something momentous, to join in something great that matters, that transcends the mundane drudgery of their daily existence.

So in a real sense this jug is not about Gordon at all but the community of national purpose of a past generation that it reflects, when Canadians came together in a frenzy of common feeling and experience.

Because they all thought, as Canadians, that it mattered...


Dare to take the Test...

See if you're intellectually curious, or just bored out of your tree, and just content to settle for a Gallée lamp in a brothel...

Go to "Golly! Is it Gallée or Gordon for Me...?"
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Commemorative Ware is Living History

The same awful historical events - this jug was from an earlier "War of the Christians Against the Muslims" which Canadians took part in - keep re-appearing with numbing regularity.

Only the villains change...

And the justifying excuses...

Gallée Lamp, c 1900
Orig. ceramic - Size - who cares?
Found - Just about anywhere...

Sorry, not much one can say, but that it is...
"Pretty, pretty, very pretty. My, how pretty..."

Hilary Obliteration Jug

Hilary Clinton wouldn't have anything to say about this lamp; not so the Gordon jug...

Just like the Victorian generation, 125 years ago, who was off to stamp out the Muslim hordes who dared to thumb their noses at the Christian invaders of their homeland, Hilary Clinton resurrected the threat in her own generation's war against the Muslims, loudly, and publicly, threatening millions of Iranian women, children, and men, that "We will obliterate you," in a nuclear Holocaust...

But so far there is no "Hilary Obliteration Jug" available yet... though, assuredly, you can count on it; it's in the works...

The Holocaust, we mean, not the jug...

Great Canadian Heritage Treasure An absolutely rare item - the earliest Canadian ceramic commemorative ware piece we've ever seen - is this coronation pitcher, of British, and Canadian, King George IV.

His dad was Mad King George III, who caused Americans to rebel and create the United States of America. It hails from an age when royals had real political power.

George the son, died in 1830, after only a ten year reign.

This ornate pitcher and handle form is typical of 1830s and 40s.

Commemoration Pitcher, King George IV - 1830

Orig. pitcher - Size - 16 cm
Found - Napanee, ON - Bailey Coll

In Canada, Canadians were just recovering from the American depredations during the War of 1812, when, in a revenge attack dating back to their War of Independence, they invaded the British colony, and burned the parliament buildings in the provincial capital at York.

Great Canadian Heritage Treasure
Coronation Pitcher, King William IV & Queen Adelaide - 1831

Orig. jug - Size - 17 h cm
Found - Napanee,
ON - Bailey Coll

An absolutely rare find is this coronation pitcher of King William IV and Queen Adelaide, whose portrait is on the back. The other transfer is on the front.

William followed George IV in 1831, and died in 1837. Since he only had illegitimate kids (ten in all; so beating out Clint Eastwood's record) his niece, Victoria, was picked to follow him to the throne.

The Northwest Passage - It was also the age of polar exploration - British attempts to find a ship channel from Europe to the Pacific, through the iced-in arctic islands north of Canada.

One of the most remote peninsulas, in Canada's central arctic, was named after Queen Adelaide. On its northern tip was Starvation Cove, where the remaining members of Sir John Franklin's polar expedition of 1845-7 starved to death.

Little Mac & the Rebels of 1837 - In downtown York (Toronto), a main thoroughfare was named Adelaide Street, after Queen Adelaide. Alas to no avail; the mayor of York, William Lyon Mackenzie, elected in 1834 was a popular journalist and a rebel.

In Canada, the yearning for democracy - among the lower orders only, as usual; not among Hosni Mubarak, Moammar Gadhafi, and Stephen Harper - the discontent would break out into armed rebellion, led by - I kid you not - the mayor of York himself. It was put down with bloodshed, and numerous hangings, and then dribblings of reform.

Adelaide and Kate - Prince William in 2011 - destined to become King William V - will have a hard act to follow in his philandering forbear. But we have it on good authority that he and Kate Middleton have a pre-nup in place, that, in line with "Royal Tradition," any, and all, extra-curricular boinking is all right with her. Like Queen Adelaide before her, it's a queenly concession Kate's willing to make for "having it all," except a husband who behaves. He doesn't have to - he's rich...

flashing newGreat Canadian Heritage Treasure In Canada, the most notable patron saint of democracy, and the founding father of Canadian journalistic integrity - hey!; what's that? - is William Lyon Mackenzie, who was so highly thought of, by the citizens, that he was elected the first mayor of the city of Toronto (York) in 1834.

Looking dour, today, wondering where the hell did it all go, in 2011, after all the work he did in the 1820s to get the democratic ball rolling, in a country then dominated by greedy, self-serving politicians, and grasping private and corporate sectarian interests, and the privileged rich elites. Sorry, if you recognize anyone/anything familiar...

A chromolithograph of Mackenzie from 1880, is ringed by pieces of the actual type he himself inked and used on his printing presses in the 1820s, in York (Toronto) Ontario to send out the clarion call for Democracy.

He, and they, have been stilled for over 170 years.


Because journalists like him have been missing in Canada in the 21st century, Canada has reverted back to the same regressive state of political affairs that existed in the 1830s, when the Family Compact ran everything to its own liking regardless of the wishes of the vast majority of the citizens.

Then - exactly like today - the citizenry loathed the political elites, for their private greed with public monies, and for peopling public offices with their friends and cronies, and drafting policy that favoured them and their fellow elitists.

Using the type left in his newspapers, Mackenzie loudly denounced this corrupt state of affairs, mobilizing the masses to demand political change. People took up arms...

The situation in Canada, in 2010, is exactly as it was in 1837 - with some glaring exceptions.

There is no longer any William Lyon Mackenzie; there is no longer a free press, like in his day; the people have been reduced to putty in the hands of the corporate-owned media and its corral of toadying subservient scribes.

Learning from history, to make sure that the popular revolt mobilized by Mackenzie would never happen again, the rich elites bought up all the media outlets, so no journalist types could ever again rail against their pilfering of the public purse, and bending public policy for their own ends.

Then they staffed them all with so-called journalists, hiring only the most fawning, slavishly toadying, sickophants to man - and woman - the type once fitted into newspaper columns by principled and self-employed publishers like Mackenzie.

Before being hired they were carefully interviewed and vetted to make sure they had the proper puppeteering penchant for publishing pleasingly puerile propaganda for the preening pompositing classes. If any dared to show the slightest streak of independent thought, they were unceremoniously rejected, and are today, driving taxi, selling real estate, or running massage parlours. But not penning columns on behalf of the rich and powerful.

Chromolithograph (1880) and Type Face (1830s) - William Lyon Mackenzie
Orig. chromolithograph & type face - Image Size - 18 x 24 cm
The Canadian Portrait Gallery - John Charles Dent - 1880
Found - Toronto, ON

Go to Those Bloody Rebels

... Sorry, forgot what a chromolithograph is... Kindly hit me with the details...

Go to All About Chromolithographs

It's no accident that women - famously raised by society to please men - are the most rabid members of this new class of subservient propagandists.

Witness the strident war-mongering columns of those lowly, long-time "crime, court, and sports" reporters" Christie Blatchford (Globe) and Rosie DiManno (Toronto Star) who've been famously detailed to leading "tourist reporter" status to become the most notable calumnists promoting corporate Canada's race war against Muslims in Afghanistan.

Little Mac would never, ever, have allowed his type to be used to do the bidding of the pompositing, preening, possessing classes, to subvert the democratic rights of the broad masses of the citizens he felt journalists and journalism should serve.

It is a measure of how far Canadian democracy has degenerated, that in 2010 a bloated, right wing multi-millionaire became mayor of Toronto, and had his chain of office bestowed on him by another multi-millionaire (he earned all his money from the CBC, Canada's public broadcaster) who unleashed a torrent of vile invective about "left-wing pinko kooks" as he performed the task, blaring that "People are sick of the elites and artsy people running the show. It’s time for some lunch pail, blue-collar people.”

Need one add, both are passionate Harperites and hate that Sissy Lester...

Go to That Left-wing Pinko Kook and Sissy Lester

With a firm grip on their lunch pails, both multi-millionaires mouthed the requisite platitudes about returning the mayor's office to the values of the "little guy." The mayor even invoked the spirit and name of William Lyon Mackenzie...

Little Mac would have thrown up...

flashing newGreat Canadian Heritage Treasure Canada's Greatest Arctic Disaster: In 1845 British explorer Sir John Franklin, in two ships, the Erebus and the Terror, and some 130 men, set out to find a way through the ice-bound channels around the north end of the Canadian arctic.

They never returned, and within a couple of years, search parties set out by land and sea to try to reach the spot in the arctic where they might possibly be. But all that was ever found were relics and bones.

It turned out that the ships had frozen in and the men abandoned them and tried to walk out, south to Hudson's Bay posts. None of them made it. Relics were gathered from Inuit people who salvaged what the men abandoned, or dropped, as they died of starvation.

During a seal hunting expedition, in Canada's high arctic, Canadian historian John Goldi trekked along the southern shore of King William Island, an area where only a handful of white men have ever been, and crossed the ice to Starvation Cove on the Adelaide Peninsula - named after the Queen - where the last of Franklin's men died.

He followed the exact trail of Franklin's men, by snowmobile during April, the same month the men died along the shore, when the land was snow-free, but the ice was still thick on the sea.

He found several cairns containing bones, set up in the 1930s by Hudson's Bay Manager Paddy Gibson FRC.

The jaw bone, left, probably from a cabin boy who was on the expedition, was found by itself, along the shore by Johnny Anguttitauruq, a hunter who was accompanying John Goldi, and brought it to him.

"Kabloonak! Not Eskimo!" said Joseph Nahalolik, another hunter who looked it over. He, and his wife Bessie, a renowned textile artist, knew all the bone remains of all the Inuit people in the area.

There are no teeth, indicating scurvy had ravaged through the gums of the dying men as they trekked along the shoreline.

It was an emotional moment, to be so in intimate contact with one of Canada's great historic tragedies in a spot which was still exactly as it was when Franklin's men stumbled to their deaths along the barren coast.

Both Inuit hunters, friends who accompanied John Goldi on this hunt, in 1975, died young, later, in tragic accidents: Joseph Nahalolik, by falling off his snowmobile, and hitting his head on jagged ice, and Johnny Anguttitauruq, who shot himself accidentally when unleashing his rifle from his sled.

Sir John Franklin's Jawbone, 1847
Lower jaw - Size - 10 cm d
Found - Peffer Point, King William Is, NU

In fact, finding human bones, in the remote areas of Canada's high arctic - where few humans, let alone white men ever go - is not uncommon. On one occasion John Goldi found a human skull, with a bullet hole in it.

Alarmed, he collected it and brought it to one of Canada's top archaeologists, Dr. Walter Kenyon, at the Royal Ontario Museum - the Toronto Police Forensic Lab was not remotely interested, that someone was carrying around a skull.

Kindly Walter explained the life history of the person - an Inuit woman with many maladies - and that the "bullet hole," was not, but a hole made long after the skull was on the ground. Then he informed me that our "good intentions notwithstanding," we had broken several laws regarding human remains... He kindly refused to accept the skull for research saying, "I have lots already." Getting rid of a human skull in Toronto proved to be a major problem...

Later, Dr. Kenyon was himself, charged with numerous violations of the Cemeteries Act, by First Nations groups, whose graves he was fond of digging up...

Great Canadian Heritage Treasure An absolutely rare and fabulous Arctic Scenery platter from c 1845 - the same year Franklin and his men were in Canada's high arctic - shows that arctic expeditions were popular to feature on spectacular dinner ware services.

This platter is huge and shows about what it must have looked like when Franklin and his men were wintered in, in the Central Arctic, before starting on their fatal trek out to civilization.

Covering the ships over, as the men hunkered inside, was a common practice in arctic expeditions. With summer the ice would, hopefully, melt and the ships could sail away.

But the ice did not melt around Franklin's ships which were crushed instead and sank leaving the men no choice but to walk out.

Platter, Arctic Scenery - 1846
Orig. platter - Size - 30 x 40 cm
Found - Napanee, ON
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Commemorative Pitcher, Queen Victoria & Prince Albert - c 1840
Orig. pitcher - Size - 18 cm
Found - Rockway, ON
A fabulous and rare pitcher probably to commemorate the wedding with Prince Albert in 1840. Later that year their first born, Victoria, was born.

Queen Victoria had been crowned at 18 in 1837, just in time to supervise the hanging of some 20 Canadians who yearned for democracy too much.

When the ringleaders were dispatched and scores of others sent off into exile to Australia, she could relax and think about getting married, to a German, Prince Albert.

Unlike all the other males in the British Royal Family, before, or since, he was a decent guy, who didn't boink every "bird" within reach...

Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Commemorative Wedding Cup & Saucer - 1858
Victoria, Princess Royal & Crown Prince Frederick of Prussia
Orig. china - Size - saucer 14 cm
Found - London, ON
Kaiser Bill's Dad - An utter rarity, commemorating the wedding of Queen Victoria's oldest daughter, Victoria, to the Crown Prince of Prussia, in 1858. Thirty years later he would become Emperor Frederick III of Germany, in 1888, and Victoria Empress. Alas he died of throat cancer, after a reign of only 99 days. He was succeeded by their son, the famous William II, of World War I fame.
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Statue, Louis-Hippolyte La Fontaine, by Louis-Philippe Hébert - 1885
Orig. plaster statue - Size - 75 cm, wt 7.3 kg
Found - Waterdown, ON
Signed Philippe Hébert
In 1842, Louis-Hippolyte became the first Prime Minister of the united provinces of Upper and Lower Canada, that were to become the corner stone of Canada.

In the 1840s he was a chief architect of cleaning up the aftermath of the Rebellions of 1837-38, and to oversee the transition from government by self-appointed elites, to government of self-appointed elites approved by a broader base of voters.

This is very likely the earliest commemorative statue ever created in Canada to celebrate one of the original architects of her democracy.

It is plaster, a cheaper medium than parian, and so affordable to a larger number of people. Still statues of this size could only be found in the best homes.

Go to Great Commemorative Statues
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Parian Bust, Prince Albert, c. 1855
Orig. parian marble - Size - 36 cm
Found - Toronto, ON
Signed WH Kerr & Co., Worcester, EJ Jones Sculptor,
Provenance - John Russell Estate
Parian "marble" had been introduced by Copeland & Garrett, and Minton, in 1840, and busts of celebrities in this medium were in high demand among the well-to-do in the 1850s. The rage was to last till World War I, some 70 years in all.

This fabulous and massive parian of Prince Albert is probably the earliest bust we've found, and once was in the personal collection of John Russell, Canada's top antique collector and authority.

The birth of Albert's first son, Prince Edward, below was celebrated with a huge gala in Quebec in 1842.

Go to the Gala Desk in Quebec

Parian busts would explode in popularity over the next 60 years. But these huge sizes were replaced with much smaller, more affordable sizes, towards the 1890s.

Go to Busty Queens
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Pratt ware Dish, The Late Prince Albert - 1861
Orig. pratt ware - Size - 10.5 cm
Found - Rockway, ON
Glorious pratt ware lids, featuring highly glossy and glorious colour images, were all the rage in the 1850s and 60s.

These little ceramic boxes were great on dresser tables, mantles, and desks for holding jewelry, pins, stamps, coins, buttons, etc.

Prince Albert was a rarity. A royal - imported from Germany - who made Queen Victoria matter, a great deal, early in her reign.

No self-indulgent dilettante or mental dullard, like the British royals he succeeded or came after - he was a passionate promoter of British industrial expansion, and was intellectually engaged in the life and prosperity of his adopted country.

Once he died in 1861, Queen Victoria ceased to count, as she withdrew from being a person who mattered - like Prince Albert had - to return to the old style, self-absorbed life of the royals of the past.

Great Canadian Heritage Treasure
Dish, Emperor Franz-Joseph - c 1905
Orig. dish - Size - 13 cm
Found - London, ON
A fabulous dish featuring fabled Emperor Franz-Joseph.

Pshaaw...! just another Royal, the "Golly it's Gallée" types scoff...

Certainly not. He's the guy who started World War I. He killed 16 million people...

These were not merely the celebrity "royals," much despised in the 20th and 21st centuries as self-indulgent dilettantes, dabbling in drink, dope, and doxies, like the Princes, Charles, William and Harry...

These were men of moment, of power, of deciding the destines of millions of people. Much of it to no good end, which is why they were finally dispossessed - in civilized countries - of their hands on the organs of power.

The dish is of Hungarian origin - he was Emperor of Austria-Hungary at the time his son was shot by a revolutionary at Sarajevo in 1914, which started the countdown to the biggest Holocaust up till then.

And verily, the most useless and pointless war in History...

The dish is a witness to all that, Mr. Gallée...

Great Canadian Heritage Treasure A fabulous pitcher of Prince Edward and Princess Alexandra who would have to wait for 50 years for Victoria to die before ascending the throne in 1902. This probably dates from their wedding in 1863.

Go to Prince Edward & Alexandra Busts

Pitcher, Prince Edward & Princess Alexandra - c 1863
Orig. pitcher - Size - 18 cm
Found - Napanee, ON
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure A spectacular and large pitcher of another of Queen Victoria's daughters, whose husband became Governor-General of Canada.

Go to Louise's Lover

Pitcher, Marquis of Lorne & Princess Louise - 1878
Orig. pitcher - Size - 20 cm
Found - Napanee, ON
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Commemorative Butter Dish, Marquis of Lorne, Arrival in Halifax, 1878
Orig. glass - Size - 30 x 40 cm
Found - Rockway, ON

Canadian Ceramic Ware Treasures

Strictly speaking, there's no such thing...

English and Scottish potters, produced virtually all of the dinnerware, toilet ware, and glass ware, used in Canada in the nineteenth century, including the portrait plates of the main political celebrities. (Plaster busts, and statues excepted.)

Canadian potters, lacking high end skills, and the proper types of clay, in the amounts necessary for chinaware, restricted themselves to making heavy and clunky earthenware jugs and spittoons, to cater to the needs of the local worthies of the time, who spent an inordinate amount of their time drinking and spitting...

You would too if you had to live in the Canada of those days: cold, remote, desolate, culturally bereft...

Now hand me that whisky jug... Eh!

Come to think of it, this sounds a lot like Canada in the 20th century, too... Just ask Michael Ignatieff, who spent over 30 years absenting himself from that arid cultural wasteland, returning only late in life, to collect a fat government pension...

Makes me so mad I could... Now where's that Canadian-made spittoon...?

Great Canadian Heritage Treasure The most ultra-fabulous, ultra-rare, Canadian people ceramic commemorative, has got to be this Emin Pasha Relief Expedition pitcher from 1887-1889. In over ten years of sleuthing antique sellers of the world, it is the only one we've ever seen.

Though not made in Canada, this jug celebrates a Canadian - William Grant Stairs of Nova Scotia, who was second in command, to famed Henry Morton Stanley - on the side, making this the first ceramic commemorative of a Canadian who's not a Prime Minister, we've ever seen. (Hébert started his Canadian produced Prime Minister plaster statues in 1885.)

This high end Doulton Lambeth jug remains the earliest commemoration of a Canadian personality on high quality ceramic ware.

Jug, Emin Pasha Relief Expedition, 1887-1889 - Royal Doulton
Orig. ceramic - Image Size - 20 cm
Found - Victoria, BC
Go to Emin Pasha, Stanley, & Bill Stairs
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Pitcher, Eskimo Girl Clara (Mikok) - 1893
Orig. stoneware - Size - 18 x 18 cm
Found - Napanee, ON
Prov - The Copeland Coll

An absolutely rare and ruggedly heavy souvenir pitcher from the period of Canadian arctic exploration. It comes from the same period as the Emin Pasha pitcher.

In the1890s, and early 1900s, British, Scandinavian, and American explorers vied to be the first to reach the North and the South Poles.

The Americans Peary and Cook were fighting to be the first to reach the North Pole in 1909. Much controversy has dogged the claims that either really did reach the North Pole.

Canadians, early on, in the 1890s, indirectly, helped fund Cook's try for the prize.

Dr. Frederick Cook - like many other European explorers before him, dating back to Jacques Cartier in the 1530s - took away some of Canada's "wild Aboriginals," so they could exhibit them. Cook hoped to charge gawkers in the US to help underwrite his polar expeditions.

Clara, or Mikok, was a Labrador Inuit girl, who Cook took - along with a male child with their parents' permission - to promote his lecture tour in cities of the eastern seaboard of the United States in 1893-1894

He used to exhibit them as "wild Eskimos" to draw in the crowds.

These fabulous commemorative pitchers were created to sell to the crowds at the exhibitions.

Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Pitcher, Eskimo Boy Willie (Kahlahkatak) - 1893
Orig. stoneware - Size - 18 x 18 cm
Found - Napanee, ON
Prov - The Copeland Coll
Another fabulous pitcher. Sadly Cook was not able to raise the money he needed with his exhibitions.

Contrary to Cook's show business hype, these were no "primitive wild savages" that people came to oogle. They lived in proper houses back home, and wore regular clothes.

Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Sir Georges Etiénne Cartier by Philippe Hébert
Orig. plaster bust - Size - 28 cm
Found - Ottawa, ON
Louis-Philippe Hébert - The man intimately connected with the production of the earliest Canadian made commemorative ware is Canada's most celebrated sculptor of the 19th century - Louis-Philippe Hébert. His monumental sculptures ennoble some of Canada's finest public spaces.
Go to Louis-Philippe Hébert

He produced fabulous busts of Macdonald and Cartier, partners in the founding of the Dominion of Canada. Plasters in good condition are hard to find anymore, though made in a size and for a cost affordable by many patriotic Canadians.

But his commemorative statues are even more glorious.

His sculptures of Canada's earliest leading politicians were sparked no doubt, by Queen Victoria's Golden Jubilee in 1885. Clearly someone said, "Hey! Let's celebrate our own."

Go to Fathers of Confederation

Philippe started in 1885 and created statues in plaster, some in base metal, some in bronze, of Lafontaine (1885), Macdonald (1886), Cartier, Howe, Tupper (1889), and Laurier

These fabulous plasters are rare to find today because antique dealers deliberately broke many in the 1940s and 50s, to enhance the value of their bronzes.

Modern fine art dealers and auctioneers, are no better, having deliberately promoted a whole raft of Philppe's fake duplicates, as real originals, for big money, in 2006-2008. Their gold mine bonanza ended when our warning web site to collectors went up.

Go to Philppe's FAKES
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Sir John A Macdonald, Philippe Hébert - 1886
Orig. plaster statue - Size - 75 cm, wt 7.3 kg
Found - Cambridge, ON
Signed Philippe Hébert
A fabulous plaster statue in original cream paint. Other variations in finish were possible.
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Sir John A Macdonald, Philippe Hébert - 1886
Orig. plaster statue - Size - 75 cm, wt 7.3 kg
Found - Waterdown, ON
Signed Philippe Hébert
A fabulous plaster statue masterfully painted, and still in its original gilt to make it look like a real bronze.
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Sir John A Macdonald, Philippe Hébert - 1886
Orig. plaster statue - Size - 75 cm, wt 7.3 kg
Found - Kingston, ON
Signed Philippe Hébert
A truly awful modern repaint of a fine old antique with John A's hands and face totally black. You only collect this if you're truly desperate...
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Louis-Hippolyte La Fontaine, Philippe Hébert - 1885
Orig. plaster statue - Size - 75 cm, wt 7.3 kg
Found - Waterdown, ON
Signed Philippe Hébert
A fabulous plaster statue in original black paint, which looks great because of the age.
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Sir Wilfrid Laurier, Philippe Hébert - c 1890
Orig. plaster statue - Size - 75 cm, wt 7.3 kg
Found - Burlington, ON
Signed Philippe Hébert
A fabulous plaster statue in original paint which is fabulously done.
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Sir Charles Tupper, Philippe Hébert - 1889
Orig. plaster statue - Size - 75 cm, wt 7.3 kg
Found - Brampton, ON
Signed Philippe Hébert
A fabulous plaster in fine original finish that exudes quality and power.
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure A rare and fabulous terra cotta bust, by one of Canada's very best 19th and 20th century sculptors, Hamilton MacCarthy.

The bust is outstanding for a number of reasons. It is rare in that it features a known Canadian Indian (First Nations) personality.

Canadians, of course, had seen countless "cigar store Indians" in the past 200 years, all wonderfully resplendent in regalia and suitably painted and feathered up to conform to the popular imagination of the time.

Go to The Larmon Collection

But in the nationalist euphoria that surrounded the coming of Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee of 1897 everyone wanted to see Canadian statues and busts celebrating her famous - sons, only, thank you.

One of those was General Brock, credited with saving Canada from becoming American in 1812.

And when one thought of Brock one thought of Tecumseh, his trusty Indian ally, who fought to stem the tide of a US invasion across the Detroit border, in the cause for which both died.

Hamilton MacCarthy made a matched pair of Brock and Tecumseh in 1896, just in time to catch the marketing boom of memorabilia that was expected in the wake of Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee the next year.

Go to Hamilton
Go to Tecumseh

Portrait Bust, Shawnee Chief Tecumseh, Hamilton MacCarthy - 1896
Orig. terra cotta - Size - 39 cm; wt - 5 kg
Found - Cambridge, ON

Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Plate, Sir John A Macdonald - c 1885
Orig. plate - Size - 28 cm
Found - Burlington, ON
The earliest Canadian Prime Ministers plate is this one of Sir John A Macdonald, Canada's first. The plate dates from the period when similar ones of British statesmen were produced at the time of Queen Victoria's 1885 Jubilee.

Below a less flattering antique iron commemorative of John A.

Go to Desecrating John A

Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Plate, Canadian Prime Ministers - 1894
Orig. plate - Size - 26 cm
Found - Napanee, ON
A very rare plate to find in good condition, of the first four Canadian Prime Ministers, dating from 1894, when the bottom one, Sir John Thompson, died at Windsor Castle in London, England. Queen Victoria staged a huge funeral for him in London, and sent him back to Canada in a warship painted all black for the occasion. Below, his grave in Halifax.

Over a six year period - 1891-1896 - Canada would have six Prime Ministers in all, finally settling for Laurier from 1896-1911.

Go to PM Plates
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Earthenware Plaque, Queen Victoria Diamond Jubilee - 1897
Orig. earthenware - Size - 30 x 40 cm
Found - Waterdown, ON
An utterly fabulous, totally rare, and very heavy commemorative earthenware plaque of Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee.

This is not, you Gallée scoffers, a piece of cheap "royalty ware." It is anything but.

In fact, if you knew your stuff - history, heritage, culture - it is not about Queen Victoria at all. It is about the success of the British Empire and the World Domination accomplished by the might and main of millions of Britons who spread their power around the globe so that "Red" was everywhere on the map.

She should be so lucky, as to be picked as a symbol, of the power of an amazing people that this plaque represents; her anniversary was merely chosen as a convenient excuse to celebrate.

The Union Jack was everywhere... You probably have to go back to Roman times to find the equal of what the British Empire symbolized and dominated in every part of the globe. We're not talking about morality here; this is about epic accomplishments that have no peer in modern history. Truly the vaunted "American Empire" is puny in comparison, though admittedly, its capacity for evil easily outstrips that of anyone else in modern times.

And it was about to expand further and add huge Boer territories in South Africa to its imperial possessions. Indeed it would take nothing less than World War II to cut the British Empire down to size.

This plaque and several statues of Prime Ministers came from the Fergusson house.

Go to The Fergusson House
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Metal Plaque, Queen Victoria Diamond Jubilee - 1897
Orig. metal - Size - 30 x 40 cm
Found - St. Catharines, ON
Another rarity is this iron profile, backed on velvet, and bolted to a wooden plaque.

The mad diversity of commemorative ware produced boggles the mind. There was something that would appeal to anyone: glass, fabric, wood, iron, plaster, pottery, silver, or china.

No one could have the least aesthetic excuse for not hanging something in their house to celebrate the amazing accomplishments of the Empire.

And Canadians were as eager - perhaps more so, feeling a bit distant - to display and celebrate the Glory of Empire as the Britons in the old country.

In fact within two years of this plaque being issued thousands of Canadians volunteered to fight in the Boer War in South Africa. Some 300 would die helping to expand the territory of the British Empire.

The war released a blizzard of ceramic ware commemoratives, many of which are featured in the Canadian Anglo-Boer War Museum.

Go to the Anglo-Boer War Museum
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Toby Jug, Joseph Chamberlain - 1900
Orig. jug - Size - 15 cm
Found - Frankford, ON
British Colonial Secretary Joseph Chamberlain was eager to create an incident so British troops could have a pretext to invade the Boer republics in South Africa.

Like Tony Blair and George Bush, in Iraq and Afghanistan, "Joe" had no trouble creating one over "voting irregularities" for British citizens in the Boer republics.

Go to Joe Chamberlain
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Saareguemines Toby Jug, President Kruger - 1899
Ceramic Majolica jug - Size - 7.25" h x 7.5" d x 5" w
Found - Minnetonka, MN
Signed Saareguemines on bottom.
A fabulous French Saarguemines jug of President Kruger of the Transvaal Republic, who could not avoid a war the British were insistent on foisting upon him. It ultimately cost him the lives of 10% of his population, mostly women and children. In a famous repeat of Joe Chamberlain's war, Tony Blair and George Bush created their own trumped up cassus belli and have wiped out tens of thousands of Muslim women, children, and men. And Obama is still at it with a frenzy... With 1.4 billion Muslims in the world, they're a long way from 10%, but they're doing their best...

Go to the Kruger Toby
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Mustache Cup & Saucer, General Buller - 1899
Orig. cup & saucer - Size - 8 cm h
Found - Miami, FL
It's very rare to find a moustache cup of a British general, especially of General Sir Redvers Buller, since he was only Commander-in-Chief of the British forces in South Africa for about two months, from October to December, 1899, before being demoted. Not a good move for commemorative manufacturers.

Go to Bully for Buller
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure
Match Striker, Lord Kitchener - 1898
Orig. ceramic - Size - 6 cm h x 8 cm w
Found - Montreal, PQ
A fabulous match striker from an earlier war against the Muslims which the British carried out in 1898. Many Canadians served as officers and soldiers in the expedition. One of them kept this in Montreal.

Go to Match Strikers
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure This souvenir teapot was memorabilia from the Boer War, to remember, not a place you had visited, but an awful time you, or your relatives, or your country went through.

This fabulous teapot is deceptively small, in 1900, and features all the generals who were household names in Canadian parlours during a time that some 6,000 Canadian volunteers would ultimately embark for service in South Africa.

So if you know the event that is commemorated on souvenir ware you can find the date with some simple research.

The Boer War lasted from 1899-1902.

This was the lineup of British generals in South Africa, from December 17, 1899, when Lord Roberts was appointed Commander-in-Chief to replace General Buller (at 3 o'clock), till November, 1900, when he was succeeded by Lord Kitchener (at 1 o'clock) guaranteeing this teapot to be manufactured precisely in that 11 month period.

Go to Royalty Souvenir Teapots

Dating commemorative ware can be done here:

Go to Dating Commemoratives

Souvenir Teapot, Boer War Generals, 1900
Orig. souvenir ware - Size - 11 cm
Found - Coleshill, UK
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure A spectacular biscuit barrel designed for use to hold cookies.

It is in mint condition and has the full proportions of all biscuit barrels meant for use.

It is the only non-pitcher ceramic item of Boer War memorabilia which can rival the cheese dish in size.

The only reason it has survived is because it has sturdy construction, with a heavy bail, and a thick metal ring to absorb the opening and closing of the metal lid, so protecting the ceramic barrel itself from abrasion.

The picture was happily, wrongly advertised as General Haig, the unpopular butcher of World War I. Few people found it. Had it been correctly identified as Lord Roberts, the most popular general in British History, many more buyers would have lined up, and the price would have been stratospheric.

Go to Our Favourite Bobs

The floral decoration around Bobs is amazing, but not at all out of character with the age. No modern general would have been comfortable with being surrounded by a bunch of "pansies." Like Canada's General Hillier, who famously spouted:

"We are the Canadian Forces, and our job is
to be able to kill people."

He would certainly have been uncomfortable with a floral wreath on his biscuit barrel. He would have preferred being ringed with the result of his handiwork - a tasteful arrangement of corpses of Afghan women, children, and men.

It is, after all, the crowning glory of his career as a Christian military officer - he has orchestrated the killing of more Muslim men, women, and children, than any Canadian in history. You know, those people he called "the detestable murderers and scumbags" in Afghanistan.

Not a good move: he is also the first Canadian general in history, to ever lose a war. Still someone thought he deserved to be commemorated...

Go to Killer Hillier

Biscuit Barrel, Lord Roberts - 1900
Orig. ceramic - Size - 15 x 16h cm
Found - Bristol, UK

Great Canadian Heritage Treasure A truly fabulous discovery - a once-in-a-lifetime piece of ceramic memorabilia that you will never see again.

Unlike so many other ceramic Boer War, and late Victorian memorabilia, which was for display only, this is a huge cheese dish that was designed for use.

It is full-sized, as large as any regular cheese dish, and meant to hold a variety of chunks with a large lid to keep the flies away.

But someone with foresight chose not to use it, treasuring it as a valuable display item instead. It remains in mint condition.

Without doubt those patriotic types who eagerly chose to use them, chipped them or broke them. So few ever would have survived.

In over 12 years of sleuthing out Boer War memorabilia, worldwide, it is the only one we have ever seen anywhere.

Go to Cheese Dish Generals

Cheese Dish, featuring Lord Roberts, Lt. Col. Baden-Powell, and Lord Kitchener - 1900
Orig. dish - Size - oa 21 x 25 x 14h cm
Found - Newton Abbot, UK
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Commemorative Jug, Celebration of the Hoisting of the Flag at Pretoria
- Doulton Lambeth, June, 5, 1900
Orig. jug - Size - 21 cm
Found - Toronto, ON
Probably the most stunning jug produced in Victorian Britain, celebrating, what everyone thought was the end of the bloody Boer War, when Lord Roberts ran up the flag over the Boer Parliament Building in Pretoria, June 6, 1900.

False hope; the war would drag on with far greater carnage, for two more years. Nice jug though...

Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Commemorative Jug, South Africa 1900 - Doulton Lambeth, 1900
Orig. jug - Size - 21 cm
Found - Liverpool, UK
Doulton Lambeth produced several stunning "khaki" coloured jugs like this from 1900 to 1902. Fabulous and heavy and sure to appeal to a generation of men and women who were "khaki" mad, wanting to wear on civvy street, the colours worn by their beloved Tommy Atkins.
Go to Doulton Jugs
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Tile, General Sir Redvers Buller, 1899
Orig. tile - Size - 30 x 40 cm
Found -
A fine ceramic tile celebrating the British and Canadian commander-in-chief in South Africa in 1899.


Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Tile, General Sir Redvers Buller, 1899
Orig. tile - Size - 30 x 40 cm
Found -
A fine ceramic tile celebrating the British and Canadian commander-in-chief in South Africa from 1899 till 1900.

The most popular general among Canadians in history, there are more commemoratives of him to be found in Canada than virtually any other personality save Queen Victoria.

Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Beer Stein, Lord Roberts - 1900
Orig. stein - Size - 31 cm
Found - Aberfoyle, ON


Absolutely among the very finest commemorative ceramic items we've ever seen.

It's massive and it's Canadian, made for a cigar company in Brantford, Ontario, to celebrate the British commander-in-chief under whom Canadians served in the Boer War in South Africa. Above a Toronto company pinback.

Go to Lord Roberts
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Staffordshire Figure, General Sir Redvers Buller - 1899
Orig. ceramic statue - Size - 12"
Found - Glasgow, UK
The Staffordshire Generals in white were produced in this highly stylised white, with minimal colours added.

Lots of people love collecting the white Staffordshire generals, like actor Anthony Quinn, who owned the Art Deco lamp right from the 1930s, featuring an 1885 figure of Colonel Burnaby, who met a heroic death during the Sudan campaign that year.

Hundreds of Canadian boatmen were hired to ferry the British troops up the Nile with the expedition that tried to save General Gordon at Khartoum from the Muslims surrounding his palace.

Go to Saving Gordon

The statue is mounted in such a way that it is not damaged in any way.

The lamp was sold at auction from his estate.

Go to Colonel Burnaby
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Staffordshire Lamp, Colonel Burnaby, c 1885 - Anthony Quinn Estate

Orig. ceramic figure - Size - 25"
Found - Hudson, NY
Staffordshire figure lamp, Prov. Anthony Quinn Estate

Go to The Staffordshire Generals
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Parian Bust, Queen Victoria, RJ Morris - 1887
Orig. ceramic bust - Size - 37 cm
Found - Niagara Falls, ON
Signed "R&L, Jubilee 1887, Sculptor RJ Morris"
Easily the finest and largest ceramic portrait bust of Queen Victoria we have seen, produced for her Golden Jubilee in 1885. It is also the only one.

It is magnificent in every respect, including the exquisite detail in her medallion, lace, and ear rings. And it is topped off with an iron crown.

It is also signed on the back by Richard Morris.

Only the best people could afford this. For the commoners there was the cheap versions right, issued in white but which were often hand-painted by artistically inclined collectors.

Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Bust, Queen Victoria - 1897
Orig. parian - Size - 18 cm
Found - Ottawa, ON
This is a popular bust which can be found in white quite commonly.

But in between this and the Morris bust a whole raft of different sizes and qualities of busts were produced, in plaster, parian, bronze, and marble.

Go to the Queen's Bust
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Bust, Sir Wilfrid Laurier, Alfred Laliberté - 1929
Orig. plaster - Size - 43 cm
Found - Toronto, ON
Signed & inscribed ENRG - 1929 #8473
A fabulous and very rare bust executed by Alfred Laliberté who knew Laurier before he became Prime Minister, and so could capture the real essence of the man.

Go to Alfred Laliberté
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Bust, Sir Wilfrid Laurier, Anonymous - c 1898
Orig. plaster - Size - 23 cm
Found - Cooksville, ON
For the masses cheap plasters were made. But even these are rare and hard to find today.

Go to Sir Wilfrid
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Plaster Bust, Sir Wilfrid Laurier, Philippe Hébert - c 1919
Orig. plaster - Size - 31 cm
Found - Stoneham, PQ
A bust now seldom found of Sir Wilfrid by Philppe Hébert. No cheap anonymous plaster, this is signed on the back by the artist.

Go to Philppe Hébert
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Painted Plaster of Paris Plaque, Sir Wilfrid Laurier, L Moisan - 1905
Orig. plaster plaque - Size - 17" x 22.5" wt 12 lbs
Found - Victoriaville, PQ
Signed on back, Par L. Moisan Jnr, Sculpteur - Enregistré 4 Mars 1905
A fabulous, virtually one-of-a-kind plaster-of-Paris casting of Sir Wilfrid by Louis Moisan from the high point in the Prime Minister's tenure. This massive casting is huge and weighs a stunning 5.5 kg.

Along with Alfred Laliberté's bust, it is the most magnificent commemorative war of Sir Wilfrid Laurier we have ever found, a true artistic tour-de-force and intended only for the most sophisticated, and wealthy collector.

Go to Sir Wilfrid
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Meershaum Pipe, Sir Wilfrid Laurier - c 1907
Orig. Meerschaum - Size - 16 cm
Found - Montreal, PQ
In 1900 pipes were all the rage. Thousands of Boer War soldiers smoked and thousands of pipes were collected to send as gifts from the folks back home. But all briars, not fragile, high-end Meerschaums like this.

This Sir Wilfrid Laurier pipe was never smoked but has seen a few drawer knocks over the last hundred years.

Like almost all the memorabilia on this page, it was made in the UK, this one in Scotland by White's Allsorbo.

Go to Sir Wilfrid
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Plate, Sir Wilfrid Laurier - c 1907
Orig. ceramic - Size - 25 cm
Found - Aberfoyle, ON
This is the only full colour plate we have ever seen, featuring a Canadian Prime Minister. Though it is the only one, it is not that rare; we have seen six in the last four years. This plate was obviously in strong demand, a hundred years ago.
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure Cheaper commemorative pipes were made out of clay.

General Buller, who commanded British and Canadian troops in the early months of the Boer War is well captured in this pipe from 1899.

The face of Queen Victoria adorns the clay pipe issued two years ealier for her Diamond Jubilee in 1897.

Clay Pipes, General Buller, 1899; Queen Victoria, 1897
Orig. pipes - Size - 12.5 cm
Found - Bel Air, MD; Milton, ON
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Staffordshire Statues, King Edward VII & Queen Alexandra - 1902
Orig. ceramic - Size - 32 cm
Found - Brighton, ON
A matched set of Staffordshire statues somewhat less stylised than the usual white figures that were made at the time.
Go to Busts for the Masses

It would be a mistake to dismiss these as mere "royalty claptrap."

They were not cheap to buy when they came out in 1902.

And Edward VII - the first British King to ever set foot in Canada, as Prince of Wales in 1861 - had left his dilettante ways behind him when he finally to to the throne, at the age of 61.

Go to Visit to Canada 1861

Like current Prince Charles - now 63 - he had to wait all his adult life for him mom to die, till he could become King.

As King he rose to the occasion, in an age when Kings really did matter. He is widely credited with using his family connections among the crowned heads of Europe, with restoring sanity and balance in a Europe totally hostile to Britain because of her Boer War excesses.

Go to Son Visits Ottawa 1901

Go to Son Visits Halifax 1901
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Boer War Statues, Nurse, Tommy Atkins - 1900
Orig. ceramic - Size - 23 cm
Found - Bristol, UK
A rare set of the nurse and the British Tommy who were the anonymous, but widely celebrated, heroes of the Boer War. Rare to find in good condition.


Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Vase, Coronation, Edward VII & Alexandra - 1902
Orig. vase - Size - 27 cm
Found - St. Catharines, ON
An absolutely stunning vase that dominates any shelf it sits on.
Go to The Vase
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

The smallest ceramic ware item we've found is this thimble.

It was made for use and has its tiny dimples in the top for seating the needle.

It was issued for the coronation of Edward and "Alix" in 1902.

Coronation Thimble - 1902
Orig. ceramic - Size - 3 cm
Found - Dundas, ON
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Bust & Cover Glass, Queen Alexandra - 1902
Orig. ceramic - Size - 25 cm
Found - Gananoque, ON
A fabulous rarity - once in the collection of Canada's top antique collector and authority, John Russell. To keep off the dust, and the hands of clumsy cleaners from the fragile parian, domes of cover glasses - like on some clocks - were used on treasured busts and statues. The glass domes have rarely survived.

Go to Alexandra
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Lamp, Queen Alexandra - 1902
Orig. ceramic - Size - 64 cm
Found - Trenton, NJ
A fabulous commemorative lamp. In fact the only one we've ever seen of either Alix or Edward.

Go to Lamps to Die For
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Humidor, King Edward VII - 1902
Orig. ceramic - Size - 20 cm
Found - Brighton, ON
This is the only full colour plate we have ever seen, featuring a Canadian Prime Minister. Though it is the only one, it is not that rare; we have seen six in the last four years. This plate was obviously in strong demand, a hundred years ago.
Go to Edward Coronation
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Humidor, Tommy Atkins - 1900
Orig. ceramic - Size - 15 cm
Found - Anaheim, CA
Tommy Atkins, the name of the average British Tommy, was also celebrated on commemorative ware.

This fabulous humidor - the helmet is the lid - is very hard to find and celebrates the "hero"

Go to Collections Index
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure
The Anonymous Gentleman

Really, more people should know this man; after all he is named after a major highway, Ontario's biggest expressway - the 401 - officially called the Macdonald-Cartier Freeway, in honour of the two men - the Anglophone Prime Minister John A Macdonald, and his French-Canadian lieutenant, George-Étienne Cartier - who are given joint credit for being primary movers in overseeing Canada's transition from British colony to independent nation by establishing the Dominion of Canada in 1867.

George - Georges to some - is Canada's most famous French-Canadian politician who never became Prime Minister.

In fact for 30 years after Confederation only a succession of Anglophones were entrusted with the top job in Canada. It was an age when coming from stock of a "superior race" was publicly celebrated, even by intellectuals like teachers and professors.

Sir Wilfrid Laurier changed all that in 1896; today he is also widely regarded as Canada's best ever Prime Minister.

In fact looking back from 2011, Canada's finest Prime Ministers have had French-Canadian roots, while the Anglophones have produced the most corrupt and most widely reviled holders of the office. And things are not improving. Far from it...

This plate was probably made in 1907 to help mark Quebec's and Canada's Tercentenary Celebration in 1908.

It features Canada's leading emblems: a border of maple leaves and a beaver on top of the heraldic crest near his vest.

Go to Canadian Platters to Die For
Sir George-Étienne Cartier (1814-1873) - La Patrie, c 1907
Orig. plate - Size - 26 cm
Found - Simcoe, ON
Prov - Marjorie E Larmon Coll

Go to Canadian Plate Index
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure A rare and fabulous bust of General Haig often referred to as "Butcher Haig" who was commander of the British Forces on the Western Front, from 1915 to 1918, in World War I.

He probably better than anyone embodies how generals of the old school were transformed into modern officers.

Haig was a major in the Boer War as Chief of Staff to the Cavalry Chief General John French. So both were brought up as Victorian officers who did not shirk from physically confronting the enemy on a daily basis and tempting death as had Penn Symons, Wauchope, and Woodgate.

They were among the fortunate - not opportunistic - survivors.

Within a dozen years French and Haig were caught up in World War I.

French, the Boer War cavalry chief, was now head of the British Forces on the Western Front, but proved to be such an abject failure, he was removed, and replaced with, you guessed it, his deputy Haig.

Haig, of course, remembered Freddy Roberts, the Field Marshall's son, not only because of his heroic death at Colenso, but because of his quaint position in the army as a galloper, the eyes, ear, and mouth mode of communications, used by Victorian generals to communicate with each other during battles.

Freddy had been a dispatch rider in the days before line or radio communications.

The line telephone was in full swing on the Western Front in World War I. No need for gallopers, just call up the line for an update. No need for generals to go near the dangerous front lines, just phone a Forward Observation Post and ask for reports.

It tended to make generals distant from the Front Lines where the dying was taking place. And as the range of the artillery guns increased, the generals asked for longer telephone wire.

To generals the Dead became a depersonalized statistic - sort of like a casualty phone call at 3 a:m, that you can't really put a face or personality to - instead of the personal horror of seeing real dead men such as those Haig had encountered daily in South Africa.

It tended to make one cavalier... with the lives of those in your charge.

And Haig did that like no general in history...

On July 1, 1916, by telephone, from far behind the lines, "The Butcher of the Somme," ordered charge after useless charge, against German machine guns, establishing a one day record of dead that was never beaten. Out of 58,000 casualties, 20,000 were killed. After a week of charges he had 500,000 casualties. While he didn't risk as much as a scratch...

Think "Butcher Haig" every time you read the dozens of names on the First World War cenotaphs in every small Canadian town. His tactics are largely responsible for killing some 750,000 British men, leaving 160,000 British women widows, and 300,000 children without fathers.

And that is the real legacy of many generals...

Go to Boys at War - the Generals

Plaster Bust, General Haig - 1916

Orig. plaster - Size - 47 cm
Found - Dundas, ON

This is the largest plaster bust we have ever seen. It has its original bronze painted patination with the age burn of a hundred years.

It was probably in a Canadian government office during the war when Haig was held up as a hero.

His reputation has deteriorated radically ever since, as has that of most generals, once people paused to examine what they really accomplished, besides piles of dead.

Which may account for the fact that in a 1920s collection of pinbacks, we found 12 different pieces of Bobs, and none of Haig, though these were produced.

But then why would common people wear a pin of the general who sent untold numbers of sons, brothers, husbands, fiancees... to an early death...

Allied Leaders of World War I (1915-1920) - Francis Carruthers Gould

"Without a peer, simply the finest commemorative items ever produced"

- a group of all 11 different jugs sell for 25,000 US or more...

Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Toby Jug, General French - Carruthers-Gould
Orig. ceramic toby jug - Size - 26 cm
Found - Leicester, UK
Signed Carruthers Gould (& initialed FCS), Wilkinson England, Royal Staffordshire Pottery, Soane & Smith
General French, the first British Commander of the forces in Europe during World War I.
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Toby Jug, General Haig - Carruthers-Gould
Orig. ceramic toby jug - Size - 26 cm
Found - Ottawa, ON
Signed Carruthers Gould (& initialed FCS), Wilkinson England, Royal Staffordshire Pottery, Soane & Smith
General Haig, the second commander of the British forces in Europe during the rest of the war.
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure

Toby Jug, Lord Kitchener - Carruthers-Gould
Orig. ceramic toby jug - Size - 26 cm
Found - Toronto, ON
Signed Carruthers Gould (& initialed FCS), Wilkinson England, Royal Staffordshire Pottery, Soane & Smith
The Secretary for War in Great Britain during World War I.

Ok, you've convinceD me! Show me how I can spend $25,000...

Go to Wilkinson Tobies
Great Canadian Heritage Treasure Without any rivals this giant Royal Doulton loving cup is the finest commemorative ever produced in Victorian/Edwardian/Georgian Great Britain.

Valued in the thousands, not the hundreds, of dollars, it eclipses even the wonderful Wilkinson Toby jugs crafted by Carruthers-Gould.

These were part of a series Royal Doulton produced in the 1930s, to celebrate the triumph of British civilization just a few years before the world descended into World War II, and the worst savagery in history.

This is number 383 out of 1,000.

How many survived the bombing of London, Coventry, etc?

This one survived the Holocaust, in Canada.

Go to The Loving Cup

Loving Cup, George V & Queen Mary, Silver Jubilee, 1935
Orig. cup - Size - 26 x 27 cm
Found - Toronto, ON
Copyright Goldi Productions Ltd. - 1996, 1999, 2005, 2010